High cholesterol is one of the leading risk causes of heart disease.
When your cholesterol level is way too high, it can damage your arteries, making them narrow. Also, effecting transporting of enough blood to your essential organs such as the heart or brain.
What is Cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a kind of fat-like substance produced by your body and also found in dietary intake. It is vital for good health and serves several body functions.
Your liver produces about 75 – 80% of the cholesterol, and the rest comes from the dietary intake such as egg, poultry, fish, meat, and dairy products.
Your body requires cholesterol to produce hormones, vitamin D, and things that help you digest foods properly.
What causes high cholesterol?
Various factors can influence high blood cholesterol levels, such as unhealthy lifestyle and underlying health conditions.
- Eating unhealthy food: Eating foods rich in cholesterol, trans fat, and saturated fats such as processed foods, red meat, fried foods, dairy products.
- Being Overweight
- Lack of physical activity
- Genetic Factors: Inherited sort of high cholesterol.
- Health Conditions: Diabetes, kidney disease, hypertension, liver disease, and hypothyroidism
- Age: Cholesterol levels increase as you get older.
What are the symptoms of high cholesterol
High blood cholesterol does not show any specific symptoms, so people are careless of the fact that their cholesterol level is too high. That why is called “silent killer.”
The only form to diagnose high cholesterol level is through a blood test.
Although it is vital to be able to recognize some particular warning signs that indicate high blood cholesterol, these symptoms below may indicate other conditions, but it can help you identify your high blood cholesterol levels.
1. Chest pain
Chest pain is a warning flag.
When the arteries that provide your heart with blood are affected, you might have chest pain because excess cholesterol blocks the blood pumping process.
2. Difficulty breathing
When high cholesterol forms plaque in your small arteries of the heart, narrowing and thickening them. It reduces blood flow, which can make you have short of breath or feel tired.
3. Dizziness and headache
High cholesterol can build up plaques in arteries that prevent blood circulation. Therefore, it changes the oxygenation process and can cause dizziness, headache, and lack of coordination of movements.
This is a recurring disorder that occurs due to changes in the activity of your intestines.
Although in most situations, it occurs due to poor eating habits. Constipation can also be a symptom of high blood cholesterol.
The buildup of cholesterol may alter your blood circulation process and making it difficult to transfer oxygen and nutrients, causes a lack of physical and mental energy.
When your fatigue becomes a recurring situation for no apparent reason, it is crucial to consult a physician to decide if this is related to the increase in cholesterol levels.
6. Vision Problems
When high blood cholesterol levels cause complications in your blood circulation, it creates vision problems.
Most patients with these conditions may experience eye irritation and blurred vision. Plus, the white of the eyes turns yellow.
What are the Complications of High Cholesterol?
Untreated or undiagnosed high blood cholesterol levels can cause severe complications such as:
- Heart attack
- Angina (chest pain)
- High blood pressure
How can I lower my cholesterol?
High blood cholesterol is treated through healthy lifestyle changes by reducing the amount of saturated fat in your food. Eat more fruits, whole grains, and vegetable.
Increasing your physical activity and exercise regularly
Quit smoking and refrain from alcohol
Besides, your doctor may prescribe medications to manage or reduce your high blood cholesterol.
High blood cholesterol can cause severe health problems and also death. Nevertheless, practice healthy lifestyle habits and treatment can help you control this condition, and in some situations, it can help you bypass cholesterol complications.
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