Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a common skin disease that usually occurs at a tender age. Although it can also happen at any age and can exist throughout a person’s life (chronic), It makes the skin very itchy, red, swollen and cracked. People who have asthma, hay fever, or atopic dermatitis usually transmit atopic dermatitis to their children.
Many kids with atopic dermatitis develop hay fever or asthma, and Numerous irritants and allergens can worsen the progression of the disease. No cure has been discovered yet for atopic dermatitis, but it can be managed with medication and changes in daily lifestyle.
What are the symptoms of Atopic dermatitis?
The manifestations of atopic dermatitis are itchy, dry, cracked, red skin, it generally differs from person to person, and it typically affected skin areas such as the wrists, hands (especially fingers), the face, the back of the knees, the neck and the ankle.
Here are the signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis (eczema):
- Dry, constant itching
- Skin rash
- Scaly skin patches
- Hives (red, raised bumps), often flare-ups after exposure to an allergen
- Thickening cracked skin
- Swollen and sore skin from scratching
- Skin irritation
- Skin scratching can disrupt your sleep
Atopic Dermatitis Treatment
You should Develop a special Skincare Routine
The right skincare routine is to take care of it your skin by finding a skincare plan that works for you, such as:
- Gently wash your skin, rinse with lots of warm water. Don’t use hot water.
- Don’t rub your skin with a thick towel; you should always use a soft towel to pat it dry gently.
- Try exfoliating at least once a week to get rid of all flaky skin cells.
- Always apply emollients (moisturizers) immediately after bath
- You should not use products that have alcohol, mild bar soap or acid, or fragrance. Alternatively, use products that have calming ingredients such as aloe, chamomile, oats, and green tea polyphenols.
Use Hydrocortisone Creams
Hydrocortisone creams such as Cortaid, Aquanil HC, Nutracort can be applied to reduce the itching, swelling, and redness of the skin during flare-ups.
Use ointment on the affected skin
An ointment called Crisaborole (Eucrisa) may be used to treat mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis (eczema). You can use it twice a day for patients two years old and older, it will help in decreasing the inflammation and soften the skin. Additionally, ointments are more useful than creams in dry skin.
Add bleach to the water
If your atopic dermatitis (eczema) is severe, you can take your baths with a little amount of bleach added to the water. This will help eradicate the bacteria that live on the skin, says the WebMD.
Your physician may prescribe corticosteroids if other approaches don’t work to fight atopic dermatitis. Remember to continually follow your doctor’s regulations when taking any steroids tablets.
Antibiotics (in case of infection)
A topical antibiotic or oral antibiotics (dicloxacillin, flucloxacillin or erythromycin are usually prescribed,) may be used in a situation if there are bacterial infections on the affected eczema due to scratching of the skin that makes it easier for bacteria to thrive and cause an infection.
Using antihistamines in the evening to prevent sleepwalking, it relieves itching and can help you sleep better.
You Should Avoid triggers
Common allergens such as soaps or detergents, dust mites, molds, pollens, certain fabrics, certain foods, and dander from animal skin or hair may worsen the manifestations of eczema in some people. Therefore, once you comprehend your triggers, you can strive to avoid them.
Manage and reduce your stress levels
You should aim to avoid or reduce your stress levels. Try to do regular exercise, meditate or pray, relaxation techniques, get more sleep, avoid caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine.
Physiotherapy with ultraviolet light
This ultraviolet light may help if your atopic dermatitis condition is severe, and that doesn’t respond to creams, ointment, or other treatment.
With all of these treatment alternatives, you should be positive that you will discover a plan to manage your atopic dermatitis symptoms. Therefore you and your physician should try different options that will work best for you.