10 Causes of Pelvic Pain in Women

Causes of Pelvic Pain in Women

Do you experience pelvic pain on a regular basis? If so, you are not alone.

Many women suffer from pelvic pain for various reasons.

In this post, we will discuss the most common causes of pelvic pain in women.

If you are able to identify the cause of your pelvic pain, you can then seek appropriate treatment.

What is pelvic pain?

Pelvic pain is defined as any type of discomfort or pain that occurs in the pelvic region.

The pelvic region is located between the belly button and the groin.

Pelvic pain can be either acute (sudden and severe) or chronic (ongoing).

Acute pelvic pain often goes away on its own, while chronic pelvic pain may last for months or even years.

Causes of pelvic pain in women

1. Menstrual pain

Many women experience pelvic pain during their menstrual cycle.

This type of pain is caused by the muscles of the uterus contracting to shed the uterine lining.

Menstrual pain can be mild or severe, and it may last for a few days or up to a week.

Pain relief medication, such as ibuprofen, can help to relieve menstrual pain.

Also, using a warm heat pad on the lower abdomen can help to relax the muscles and reduce pain.

If the pain is severe, your doctor may prescribe a stronger medication.

Learn more: How To Get Rid Of Menstrual Cramps Fast

2. Urinary tract infections

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common cause of pelvic pain in women.

A UTI occurs when bacteria enter the urinary system and multiply.

Symptoms of a UTI include a burning sensation when urinating, frequent urination, and cloudy or bloody urine.

If you have any of these symptoms, you should see your doctor as soon as possible.

Treatment for a UTI usually involves a short course of antibiotics.

You will likely start to feel better within a few days of starting treatment.

Read more: How to Prevent Urinary Tract Infections: 6 Proven Tips

3. Ovulation

Some women experience pelvic pain during ovulation.

Ovulation is the process of the ovary releasing an egg.

The egg then travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus.

Pelvic pain during ovulation is caused by the release of the egg from the ovary.

The pain is usually sharp and lasts for a few minutes to a few hours.

Ovulation pain is a normal part of the menstrual cycle and does not require treatment.

If the pain is severe, you can take over-the-counter pain medication.

Also, placing a heating pad on your lower abdomen can help to relieve the pain.

4. Sexually transmitted infections

Another common cause of pelvic pain in women is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) such as chlamydia or gonorrhea.

STIs are caused by bacteria that are passed from one person to another during sexual contact.

Apart from pelvic pain, other symptoms of STIs include burning during urination, unusual discharge from the vagina, and bleeding between periods.

If you have any of these symptoms, go to your doctor or a local STI clinic for testing and treatment.

STIs are usually treated with a course of antibiotics.

It is important to finish the entire course of antibiotics, even if your symptoms go away.

If you do not finish the course of antibiotics, the infection may come back and be harder to treat.

5. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrium, or lining of the uterus, grows outside of the uterus.

This can cause pelvic pain, as well as pain during intercourse, urination, and bowel movements.

Endometriosis can also cause infertility.

If you think you may have endometriosis, it is important to see a doctor so that you can receive treatment.

There is no cure for endometriosis, but there are treatments that can help relieve the symptoms.

Surgery is one option, but many women opt for hormone therapy or other medical treatments.

Learn more: 6 Signs of Endometriosis a Woman Must Never Ignore

6. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Another common cause of pelvic pain in women is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).

PID is an infection of the reproductive organs.

It can be caused by bacteria that are transmitted sexually or by other means.

PID can cause a variety of symptoms, including pelvic pain, fever, abnormal vaginal discharge, and pain during intercourse.

Treatment for PID typically includes antibiotics.

In some cases, surgery may also be necessary.

Complications from PID can include infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain.

Therefore, it is important to seek treatment as soon as possible if you think you may have PID.

7. Ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can develop on the ovaries.

Most ovarian cysts are benign, or non-cancerous.

However, some may be cancerous.

Along with pelvic pain, other symptoms of ovarian cysts symptoms, including bloating, difficulty emptying your bowels, and pain during intercourse.

If an ovarian cyst ruptures, it can cause severe pain.

In most cases, ovarian cysts do not require treatment and will go away on their own.

However, if they are large or cause symptoms, surgery may be necessary to remove them.

Birth control pills may also be prescribed in order to prevent future ovarian cysts from developing.

8. Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is a serious condition that can cause pelvic pain.

It occurs when a fertilized egg implants itself outside of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube.

Ectopic pregnancies cannot continue to full term and can be life-threatening to the mother.

Other symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include vaginal bleeding, nausea, and dizziness or fainting.

If you suspect that you have an ectopic pregnancy, go to a doctor right away so that you can get treatment.

Treatment for ectopic pregnancy typically includes surgery to remove the embryo.

In some cases, medication may be used instead of surgery.

9. Appendicitis

One of the more serious causes of pelvic pain is appendicitis.

Appendicitis occurs when the appendix, a small pouch attached to the large intestine, becomes inflamed.

It is a medical emergency and can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.

Symptoms of appendicitis include pain in the lower right side of the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, and fever.

Appendicitis can be a very painful condition, but it is important to remember that it is also very treatable.

Treatment for appendicitis typically includes surgery to remove the appendix.

Recovery from surgery usually takes about two weeks.

During this time, you will likely need to take it easy and avoid strenuous activity.

10. Interstitial cystitis

Interstitial cystitis, also known as IC, is a condition that causes pelvic pain and pressure.

It is a chronic condition that can be difficult to treat.

Other symptoms of interstitial cystitis include urinary frequency or urgency, and pain during intercourse.

There is no cure for IC, but there are treatments that can help relieve the symptoms.

Treatment typically includes medication, physical therapy, and dietary changes.

If you have IC, it is important to see a doctor so that you can get the appropriate treatment.

Bottom line

Living with pelvic pain can be difficult and frustrating.

If you are experiencing pelvic pain, it is important to see a doctor so that you can receive an accurate diagnosis and treatment.

While there are many potential causes of pelvic pain, some of the more common causes include appendicitis, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and interstitial cystitis.

With the proper treatment, you can find relief from your symptoms and start living a normal life again.

Causes of Pelvic Pain in Women