More and more people are complaining of a headache, especially people who reside in big cities with the largest populations. Women suffer three times more than men when it comes to migraines, particularly during menstruation, pregnancy, or emotional stress.
This may be why migraines are often called a young lady’s illness. Besides the fact that migraine “chooses” the sensitive part of humanity, it can be pass through the female bloodline: from mother or grandmother.
More and more patient of migraine is active young people because it is this age group who is experiencing stress and the daily rhythm of life.
About chronic migraine experiences, every fifth woman in the world suffer from this and migraine ranks second among health-limiting illnesses. Chronic migraines can have a severe effect on your personal life. The patient will likely get a painful headache attack once or twice a month.
If headache disturbs you often, you can become depressed and start suspecting some terrible disease. To prevent this, we recommend you to start a headache diary of pain. This information will be needed to diagnose the type of pain and find possible triggers.
Symptoms of migraine
Chronic migraine is not just a headache.
Migraine is a disease in which a person suffers from very severe headache attacks, lasts from two to 48 hours, very strong and pulsating on one or both sides of your head.
When a migraine occurs, a person can notice an increased sensitivity to light and sounds, nausea and vomiting, flashes in front of the eyes, blurred vision, tingling in the face, hands, or feet, feeling very warm or cold and pale skin.
Types of migraines
There are two types of migraines such are migraine with aura (most of all cases), in which local neurological symptoms occur before the headache and migraine without aura.
What is migraine aura? Aura is a set of sensual disorders that happen shortly before a migraine attack. Migraine aura signs contain temporary visual loss or other disorders that usually strike before other migraine symptoms.
Migraine aura usually happens within an hour before head pain starts and usually lasts less than 60 minutes.
What does a migraine aura symptoms look like?
Majority of people who have migraine with aura experience several temporary visual symptoms such as:
- Seeing zigzag lines or or wavy lines
- Blind spots also know as scotomas
- Flashes of light or sparkles that move or get bigger
- Hallucinations (seeing, hearing or smelling something that is not real)
- Shimmering spots or stars
- Variations in vision or vision loss
Other irregular indications of chronic migraines aura include:
- Numbness and tingling in one hand or on one side of your face that can spread gradually toward your limb
- Muscle weakness
- Trouble with speech or language difficulty
Causes of chronic migraines
Scientists and doctors don’t know the precise the cause of chronic migraines. However, various factors can trigger it, such as:
- Emotional trauma, stress, a tendency to depression
- Sudden changes in weather, severe physical activities;
- The use of oral contraceptives with high doses of estrogens,
- The presence of ovulation and pregnancy in women;
- Consumption of alcohol, certain products (mostly chocolate, coffee)
- Extended sleeplessness (insomnia)
What to do when migraine attacks?
- If migraine occurs, the patient should rest, draw the curtains, switch off your room light, and lie on your bed. If it’s a loud noise, wear noise removal headphones.
- You can try a cold compress or take a hot shower
- It is necessary to breathe in with your stomach, calm, and relax.
- Use your fingers to massage your shoulders, forearms, neck, back, head, and face. This will help relieve tension.
- You can try herbal tea ( peppermint, ginger, valerian, and sage) or drink green tea or chamomile tea to help relieve migraine pressure.
- Pain relievers: You can take over-the-counter or prescription pain relievers such as aspirin, ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or sumatriptan. Talk to your doctor for a better prescription.
Avoid coffee and alcohol
The best way to prevent migraines
- Avoid any you know that triggers headache,
- Always get enough sleep
- Do regular aerobic physical exercise
- Don’t skip meals
- Reduce your caffeine intake
- Try always to avoid loud noises and bright lights
- Try stress-reduction techniques
- Avoid medicine overuse
Keeping a migraine diary
If you always have chronic migraines, we advise you to start a headache diary. You should record the duration of sleep, the time your headache symptoms attacks, how long the attacks last, your diet, menstrual cycle (for women). Then these records must be shown to your doctor. It is also advisable to name the medicines that you are taking presently or have been taking before to combat migraines.
And yes, do not rush to think and self-diagnose that any headache is a migraine, but try to identify possible factors that provoke the condition.
Keep in touch with your physician and always follow their guidance when trying to manage your migraines.