Coronavirus Symptoms And Preventions

Coronaviruses

What are coronaviruses? 


Coronaviruses are a large group of zoonotic viruses that was first isolated in 1937. They can cause issues ranging from the common cold to severe acute respiratory syndrome. They attack the respiratory system and are transmitted from animals to humans, for example, middle east respiratory syndrome (MERS – CoV) has been found to be transferred from a dromedary camel to humans.

Coronaviruses infect not only humans but including animals (cats, dogs, pigs, birds, and even cows). It is identified that coronaviruses can cause plenty of diseases from the common cold to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS or SARS).

Coronaviruses Symptoms

The symptoms of Coronavirus range from the follows:

Common cold with symptoms such as:

  • Fever
  • Throat swollen adenoids (pharyngeal tonsil)
  • Headaches
  • Running nose (catarrh)
  • Sneezing
  • Weakness and body pain

Pneumonia with symptoms of:

  • Chest pain
  • Productive cough
  • Fever
  • Difficulty in breathing

Acute Bronchitis

Coronavirus can cause illnesses such as bronchitis symptoms that may include: 

Diagnosis of coronaviruses:

Diagnosis is made by taking mucus swab from the nostrils or blood samples to detect the strain of coronavirus, causing the symptoms.

Preventions of coronaviruses:

There are no vaccines, but you can protect yourself by:

  • Regular hand washing
  • Covering your mouth and nose whenever sneezing or coughing
  • Avoid close contact with those manifesting respiratory symptoms such as sneezing or coughing
  • Properly cooking meat and eggs
  • You should always avoid touching your nose, mouth, or eyes with your hands, according to the CDC
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces because most household disinfectants kill coronavirus
  • Make sure to wash your hands thoroughly after touching an animal.

Treatment of coronaviruses

There are no specific treatments or cure for coronaviruses, just symptomatic managements: 

  • Ibuprofen or paracetamol for pain and fever
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Use a humidifier to ease a sore throat
  • Take hot showers to relieve sore throat and cough
  • Get plenty of rest and stay home
  • Intake of C. Vitamin and fresh fruits and vegetables to boost immunity

2020 Coronavirus Pandemic Outbreak Timeline

As of On March 30, 2020, more than 34,804 deaths have been recorded, and more than 735,010 confirmed cases of this coronavirus outbreak and 156,122 has recovered, according to reports from Worldometer.

Country,
Other
Total
Cases
New
Cases
Total
Deaths
New
Deaths
Total
Recovered
Active
Cases
Serious,
Critical
Tot Cases/
1M pop
Deaths/
1M pop
Reported
1st case
World735,010+12,65134,804+838156,122544,08428,20394.34.5Jan 10
USA142,746+2862,489+54,562135,6952,9704318Jan 20
Italy97,68910,77913,03073,8803,9061,616178Jan 29
Spain85,195+5,0857,340+53716,78061,0755,2311,822157Jan 30
China81,470+313,304+475,7002,466633572Jan 10
Germany62,4355419,21152,6831,9797456Jan 26
Iran41,495+3,1862,757+11713,91124,8273,51149433Feb 18
France40,1742,6067,20230,3664,63261540Jan 23
UK19,5221,22813518,15916328818Jan 30
Switzerland15,069+240312+121,82312,9343011,74136Feb 24
Belgium11,899+1,063513+821,5279,8599271,02744Feb 03
Netherlands10,8667712509,84597263445Feb 26
S. Korea9,661+78158+65,2284,275591883Jan 19
Turkey9,2171311058,9815681092Mar 09
Austria9,103+315108+226368,3591871,01112Feb 24
Canada6,320655735,6821201672Jan 24
Portugal5,962119435,8008958512Mar 01
Israel4,347+10016+11344,197805022Feb 20
Norway4,313+2929+374,277917965Feb 25
Brazil4,25613664,114296200.6Feb 24
Australia4,245+8218+12443,983281660.7Jan 24
Sweden3,700110163,57428136611Jan 30
Czechia2,859+4217+1112,831522672Feb 29
Malaysia2,626+15637+24792,11094811Jan 24
Ireland2,6154652,564595309Feb 28
Denmark2,555+1607212,48211344112Feb 26
Chile2,1397752,05771120.4Mar 02
Romania1,952+13744+12061,702311012Feb 25
Luxembourg1,95021401,889253,11534Feb 28
Ecuador1,9245831,863581093Feb 28
Poland1,905+4326+471,8723500.7Mar 03
Japan1,866544241,38856150.4Jan 14
Russia1,836+3029+1661,7618130.06Jan 30
Pakistan1,625+2818+4291,5781170.08Feb 25
Philippines1,546+12878+7421,4261140.7Jan 29
Thailand1,524+1369+22291,28611220.1Jan 12
Indonesia1,414+129122+8751,21750.4Mar 01
Finland1,343+10311101,322322422Jan 28
Saudi Arabia1,2998661,22512370.2Mar 01
South Africa1,2802311,2477220.03Mar 04
Greece1,15639521,065661114Feb 25
India1,071+4729+21009420.80.02Jan 29
Iceland1,0202135883252,9896Feb 27
Mexico993+14520+435938180.2Feb 27
Panama989244961362296Mar 09
Dominican Republic859393817794Feb 29
Peru852181681840260.5Mar 05
Singapore8443212629191440.5Jan 22
Argentina8202091709180.4Mar 02
Slovenia756+261110735283645Mar 03
Serbia74114+14268525852Mar 05
Croatia715+2655654261741Feb 24
Estonia715+36320692105392Feb 26
Diamond Princess712106039915Feb 04
Colombia702101068229140.2Mar 05
Hong Kong64241185205860.5Jan 22
Qatar63414858562200.3Feb 28
Egypt6094013243760.4Feb 13
New Zealand589+7516352521220.2Feb 27
UAE5703585092580.3Jan 28
Iraq54742143362141Feb 21
Morocco516+3727+1134761140.7Mar 01
Bahrain515+16427923223032Feb 23
Algeria5113131449120.7Feb 24
Lithuania484+247147621783Feb 27
Armenia482+58330449151631Feb 29
Ukraine480+511+16463110.3Mar 02
Hungary447+3915+2343986462Mar 03
Lebanon446+811+1324033652Feb 20
Latvia376+2913753199Mar 01
Bulgaria354+881533113511Mar 06
Bosnia and Herzegovina340+176832611042Mar 04
Slovakia336+227329162Mar 05
Andorra33466322104,32378Mar 01
Costa Rica314233096620.4Mar 04
Tunisia3128230210260.7Mar 01
Taiwan306+85+239262130.2Jan 20
Uruguay30413039880.3Mar 12
Kazakhstan294+10120273160.05Mar 12
Kuwait266+11721941362Feb 23
Moldova26321324833650.5Mar 06
North Macedonia2596325011243Feb 25
Jordan2594+1182373250.4Mar 01
San Marino224226196166,602648Feb 26
Albania223+1111+1441687774Mar 07
Burkina Faso2221223187110.6Mar 08
Cyprus21461519331775Mar 08
Azerbaijan20941519023210.4Feb 27
Vietnam1945214232Jan 22
Réunion1831182204Mar 10
Oman16723144333Feb 23
Ivory Coast1651416060.04Mar 10
Senegal162+202713510Mar 01
Faeroe Islands159708913,254Mar 03
Ghana15252145150.2Mar 11
Malta15121494342Mar 06
Uzbekistan14427135840.06Mar 14
Cameroon1396512850.2Mar 05
Cuba139341322120.3Mar 10
Honduras139+29331334140.3Mar 10
Brunei127+11388832902Mar 08
Sri Lanka122+5115106560.05Jan 26
Afghanistan1204211430.1Feb 23
Venezuela11933977640.1Mar 12
Palestine115+611896230.2Mar 04
Nigeria111131070.50.00Feb 27
Mauritius110+331071862Mar 17
Channel Islands108210662112Mar 08
Cambodia107+4218616Jan 26
Guadeloupe106417851026510Mar 12
Georgia98+71880125Feb 25
Bolivia96+15195380.09Mar 09
Belarus943262210Feb 27
Kyrgyzstan94+109414Mar 17
Martinique93192122483Mar 04
Montenegro91+619011452Mar 16
Mayotte82+1910723301Mar 13
DRC8182710.90.09Mar 09
Trinidad and Tobago783174562Mar 11
Rwanda70705Mar 13
Gibraltar6514511,929Mar 02
Paraguay64+53160390.4Mar 06
Liechtenstein56561,469Mar 02
Aruba50149468Mar 12
Bangladesh49+15192510.30.03Mar 07
Monaco4611441,17225Feb 27
Isle of Man46+446541Mar 18
French Guiana43637144Mar 06
Kenya42114020.80.02Mar 12
Madagascar39391Mar 19
Macao38+1102859Jan 21
French Polynesia35+5352125Mar 10
Guatemala3411023120.06Mar 12
Barbados3333115Mar 16
Uganda33330.7Mar 20
Jamaica321229110.3Mar 09
Togo30+5112840.1Mar 05
El Salvador30+6305Mar 18
Zambia29292Mar 17
Ethiopia23+21220.2Mar 12
Niger22+43+2190.90.1Mar 18
Bermuda22220353Mar 17
Congo19193Mar 14
Mali181170.90.05Mar 24
Djibouti181818Mar 17
Maldives1713431Mar 06
Guinea16161Mar 12
Haiti151141Mar 19
New Caledonia151553Mar 17
Bahamas1411336Mar 14
Tanzania141130.2Mar 15
Cayman Islands1211118315Mar 12
Equatorial Guinea12129Mar 13
Eritrea12123Mar 20
Mongolia122104Mar 09
Dominica1111153Mar 21
Namibia11294Mar 13
Saint Martin1111284Feb 29
Greenland1028176Mar 15
Myanmar10100.2Mar 22
Syria9180.50.06Mar 21
Grenada9980Mar 21
Saint Lucia91849Mar 12
Eswatini998Mar 13
Curaçao8125496Mar 12
Guyana817101Mar 11
Laos881Mar 23
Libya881Mar 23
Mozambique880.3Mar 21
Seychelles8881Mar 13
Suriname8814Mar 12
Angola7250.20.06Mar 19
Gabon71630.4Mar 12
Zimbabwe7160.50.07Mar 19
Antigua and Barbuda7771Mar 12
Cabo Verde615112Mar 19
Sudan6150.10.02Mar 12
Benin660.5Mar 15
Vatican City667,491Mar 05
Sint Maarten66140Mar 17
Nepal5140.2Jan 23
Fiji556Mar 18
Mauritania5231Mar 12
Montserrat551,002Mar 17
St. Barth55506Feb 29
Gambia41320.4Mar 16
Nicaragua4130.60.2Mar 18
Bhutan445Mar 05
Turks and Caicos44103Mar 22
CAR330.6Mar 14
Chad330.2Mar 18
Liberia330.6Mar 15
Somalia330.2Mar 15
MS Zaandam22Mar 26
Anguilla22133Mar 25
Belize225Mar 22
British Virgin Islands2266Mar 24
Guinea-Bissau221Mar 24
Saint Kitts and Nevis2238Mar 24
Papua New Guinea110.1Mar 19
St. Vincent Grenadines1109Mar 10
Timor-Leste110.8Mar 20
Total:735,010+12,65134,804+838156,122544,08428,20394.34.5

Coronavirus outbreak timeline

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV): 

On April 16th, 2003, an outbreak of SARS occurred in Asia, and about 9% of patients confirmed with SARS died from the infection. There were other cases of SARS in other parts of the world, but they occurred as a secondary infection to those already sick with something else.

The manifestations of SARS caused by coronavirus are:

  • Muscle pain.
  • Headache.
  • Fever followed by cough, difficulty in breathing and pneumonia in about 2 to 14days of onset

Middle East respiratory syndrome: 

  • It was first identified in September 2012, and the WHO stated that it wasn’t transmitted from person to person.
  • On May 12th, 2013, a case of human to human transmission in France was established by the French ministry of social affairs and health.
  • By October 30th, 2013, there were 124 cars and 52 deaths in Saudi Arabia.
  • In May 2014, 2 cases of MERS-CoV was recorded in the United States. It affected two health workers who worked in Saudi Arabia and later traveled to the United States.
  • In May 2015, an outbreak occurred in the Republic of Korea.

Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV):

  • In December 2019, a pneumonia outbreak was reported in Wuhan, China. Daniel Lucey, an infectious disease specialist at Georgetown University, stated that the first human infection must have occurred in November 2019.

On January 29th, 2020, more than 130 deaths have been recorded, and more than 6000 confirmed cases of this pneumonia outbreak. 

On 4th February 2020, the number of cases in China is 20,438 and death toll is 425 in China.

How many strains of coronavirus are there?

There are 7 Strains of Human Coronaviruses :

  1. Human coronavirus 229E (HCoV – 229E)
  2. Human coronavirusn0C43 (HCoV-0C43)
  3. Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV)
  4. Middle east respiratory syndrome (MERS – CoV): previously known as HCoV-EMC and novel coronavirus 2012.
  5. Human coronavirus HKU1
  6. Human coronaviruses NL63 (HCoV-NL63, New haven coronavirus)
  7. Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV): also known as Wuhan pneumonia or Wuhan coronavirus is a newly discovered strain of coronavirus

Last Updated: March 30, 2020