Everyone should know basic first aid techniques to help them handle any emergencies. Some times somebody can get into an unpleasant circumstance like unexpected sickness or injury, so you need to know what first aid you can perform in that situation to be able to keep the person breathing, minimize the outcomes of injury until an ambulance arrives.
We at Mayor Boss want you to know some basic first aid, which can help you save lives in any unexpected incident.
So, Let’s get started.
Here are the basic first aid techniques to save lives
Oil burn or first-degree burn
What is the first aid for Oil burn? If the burned skin is small, you should cool the burned surface by place cool (not cold) water over the burned area for like 20 minutes. Next, you wash the burned surface with pure soap and water. This first aid works perfectly because the alkaline soap blends with the burn area, which will make the pain subside.
Also, a cold compress or clean wet cloth laid over the burned surface can help relieve the pain and inflammation. With massive burns, it is also necessary to cool the surface with cool (not cold) and then apply a sterile bandage. And seek medical care or Call 911 right away.
For an open wound, you need to stop the bleeding first by applying direct pressure on the wound or cut with a clean cloth or tissue or gauze bandage until bleeding stops. According to WebMD, If the blood soaks into the fabric or tissue or gauze bandage, do not remove it. You need to put more cloth or tissue or gauze bandage on top of it and continue to apply pressure till bleeding stops.
After the bleeding stop, clean and dress the wound with a bandage. If the injuries or cut is deep or bleeding doesn’t stop with direct pressure, you need medical attention immediately.
When someone is choking
What is the first aid for choking? The person needs to cough. During coughing, the person should lean forward to help the foreign object spit out from the mouth. If coughing doesn’t work, you should begin back blows. Stand on the side, grab the person under the stomach, and hit five-strong blows between the shoulder blades.
If it is a child that is choking and you grasp that it is a foreign object that is the cause of choking, then you need to raise the baby by the legs and give up to five back blows between the shoulder blades to clear the airway. Make sure you support the baby’s head while you hold them in a face-down position.
If the person is unconscious, you can begin CPR.
If the person’s airway is still blocked, get help immediately call 911.
First aid for frostbite
Go into a warm room and warm-up. It is necessary to warm the body from the inside. Hot tea is the best remedy. Don’t drink alcohol. Alcohol is not suitable for frostbite, despite the stereotype.
According to the Mayo Clinic, If you’re still outside, you can warm your frostbitten hands by tuck your hands into your armpits until they warm.
What is the first aid treatment for a heart attack? Give the person an aspirin tablet and ask them to chew it immediately. Make sure to loosen the person’s tight clothing, especially at the neck, and have the person sit down and rest.
If the person is unconscious, call 911 or your town emergency number instantly and then begin CPR.
How do you bring down a fever? Take off your warm clothes, take cold baths. Make sure to get plenty of rest and drink lots of water. You can also take over-the-counter medicines such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen to reduce fever immediately.
If it is a small child, you can give them drugs that contain ibuprofen like Nurofen for children. And make sure the child drinks lots of water.
What is the first aid treatment for hypoglycemia? Let the person relaxed in a lying or sitting position. Give the person a sugar drink (make sure it is two tablespoons of sugar per glass of water) or a piece of sugar or glucose or sugary food like cookies or candy. If the person is not recovery, call a doctor for help or 911 immediately. Here are the signs of Type 2 diabetes