Hearing voices is a psychotic experience that Is not necessarily caused by mental illness. It is quite common among people. It is estimated that about 2.5% of the general population hear different kinds of sounds, including voices that no one else can hear other than the person experiencing it, and 10% of the general population has heard a voice at one point of their lives.
What increases the risk of a person to hear voices? The risk factors that make people vulnerable to hearing voices:
- Studies have proposed that there may be some genetic factors to hearing voices that make some people more susceptible than the rest of the general population.
- Sexual abuse as a child: this does not explain everything about hearing voices. Still, sexual abuse is a kind of trauma that makes the abused vulnerable to different types of psychological coping mechanisms, and some of these coping mechanisms do not go away when the abuse stops.
Here are the causes of hearing voices:
1. Epilepsy (during a seizure episode)
Epilepsy (during a seizure episode), an epileptic affection of the part of the brain that process hearing can cause you to hear sounds, including voices.
2. Use of illegal drugs
Use of illegal drugs most illegal substances are stimulants that stimulate the brain and have a hallucinogenic effect that’s why some people take them to experience the impact they deliver. Auditory hallucinations are one of the consequences of most illegal drugs.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects a person’s ability to think, feel, and behave appropriately. The precise cause is not known, but it is presumed to be triggered by a combination of genetics, environment, and altered mental state and structure. Schizophrenia is characterized by auditory hallucinations, thoughts, or experiences that seem out of touch with reality, disorganized speech, and decreased participation in daily activities.
4. Alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that destroys memory and other mental functions. Here are the signs of alzheimer’s disease.
5. Parkinson’s disease
Parkinson’s disease is a central nervous system condition that affects movements and is characterized by tremors, slow movements, stiffness, hallucinations, and loss of balance. These are the unexpected signs of Parkinson’s Disease.
Psychosis is a detachment from reality that may occur as a result of psychiatric illness, medications, or other health conditions. Psychosis manifest as hallucinations (auditory and visual), agitation, delusions, and talking incoherently.
7. Schizoaffective disorder
Schizoaffective disorder is a mental condition that Is characterized by a cycle of schizophrenia and symptoms of depression or bipolar disorders (mood disorder) followed by periods of improvement.
8. Alcohol withdrawal
Alcohol withdrawal is the manifestation of symptoms that occur when someone stops using alcohol after a period of heavy drinking. The severity of alcohol withdrawal ranges from life-threatening cases to a simple case of headache. Symptoms usually begin 2 – 4 days after quitting alcohol, and it may include hallucinations (visual and auditory), tremors, nausea, seizures, and anxiety.
Depression is a group of conditions associated with the elevation or lowering of a person’s mood. Here are the signs of Depression.
10. Bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder is a disorder linked with occurrences of mood swings varying from depressive lows to manic highs. Hearing voices is not always caused by mental disorders, but the best way to understand why you hear voices is to visit a neurologist and a psychologist for an adequate checkup. Here are the signs of Bipolar disorder.