Are you wondering what the signs of not getting enough Vitamin B12 are?
Vitamin B12 is an essential nutrient factor, and it is vital to both health and wellness.
There are eight B vitamins, and vitamin B12 is the most essential as it improves both blood and nerves’ health and produces DNA. It also controls the waste in the blood, which prevents bad breath.
So, how do you know if you’re not getting enough Vitamin B12? Here, we’ll explain the top symptoms you will experience when you don’t have enough B12:
1. Tingling or numbness on hand and feet
B12 helps your body to produce a protective coating on nerves called myelin. This will protect the nerves, and if you don’t have enough Vitamin B12, then your nerves begin to shrink, and also, at that time, you will feel the sensation of pins and needles.
Sometimes you can even experience numbness, which is the most serious sign of a long-term deficiency of Vitamin B12. Without Vitamin B12, your nerve can’t function properly.
2. Have pale or yellow skin
People with Vitamin B12 deficiency may look pale or slightly yellow, and even the pale can be observed in their white of the eyes.
Vitamin B12 is mainly involved in the synthesis of DNA and is involved in making red blood cells.
Lack of vitamin B12 may cause a decrease in red blood cell production, and also it will stop the process of building cells. If you don’t have enough RBC, your skin turns pale.
3. Have a feeling of weakness and fatigue
Vitamin B12 is also called an energy vitamin, and deficiency in this vitamin may cause weakness and fatigue.
You may experience these kinds of signs in the earliest stage, like feeling dragged, confused, and weak.
Sometimes you also feel over-exhausted and weak, and this is because your red blood cells don’t carry enough oxygen to the various parts of the body, and the lack of oxygen will make you feel down.
4. Have memory loss
The most vital function of Vitamin B12 is running the metabolic process of the brain. So, deficiency of Vitamin B12 may cause memory loss and even dementia symptoms.
This type of sign can be mostly observed in older adults.
Some research has also shown that people with Vitamin B12 may experience higher risks, such as getting low cognitive score tests and smaller brain volumes.
Even you may experience difficulty in thinking and reasoning.
5. Have mood change
People facing a deficiency in Vitamin B12 may experience frequent mood changes.
Because vitamin B12 is mostly linked with brain functions, it will control moods like depression and dementia.
The low levels of B12 may increase the amount of homocysteine, and this will cause damage to the brain tissues. It will also interfere with the signals received and sent by the brain by causing mood changes.
6. Have a mouth ulcer
The most common sign experienced from the deficiency of Vitamin B12 is Glossitis, which is a symptom that refers to as the inflammation of the tongue.
This sign will change your tongue color and shape and result in a painful, red, and swollen tongue.
The inflammation can become serious also as it will make your taste buds disappear. Other common symptoms include:
- Mouth ulcers.
- Bad breath.
- Feeling of pins and needles on the tongue.
- Burning and itching sensation in the mouth.
7. Have shortness of breath
If you are not getting enough vitamin B12, you may experience shortness of breath. The sign may also link with an increase in heartbeat and the lack of red blood cells.
Also, the heart may beat faster when the body produces a lower number of red blood cells.
This will put pressure on the heart to produce more blood, and also, the body and organs won’t get enough oxygen circulation.
8. Digestive problems
Vitamin B12 may lower the enzymes present in the body, which helps in the digestion process. The improper function of digestion may increase the amount of waste present in the blood, leading to bad breath.
This may result in causing gastrointestinal and oral health problems, which lead to the common sign of bad breath, but you can fix it quickly if you include Vitamin B12 in your daily diet.
9. Disturbed vision
The most serious sign experienced in the deficiency of Vitamin B12 is the damage in the optic nerve. It will also lead to plug up the blood vessels in the retina, which causes blurry vision.
Sometimes you may even experience double vision, sensitivity to light, and loss of sight.
When it comes to the eye, the first symptom you notice is retinal damage. It also disrupts the nerve signals that travel from the eye to the brain.
10. Risk of diabetes
If people who are experiencing diabetes problems have undergone the deficiency of Vitamin B12, then there is a chance that they have higher risks.
And in most diabetic patients, the amount of Vitamin B12 will be low.
Type 1 diabetes people have a higher risk of autoimmune disorder, and they experience a condition in which antibodies are produced against Vitamin B12.
This will increase the deficiency of Vitamin B12. In type 2 diabetic patients, a therapy called metformin is advised, and it is associated with a deficiency in vitamin B12.
There is a 10% or higher risk that people undergoing type 2 diabetes treatments may experience Vitamin B12 depletion. Read about Type 2 diabetes.
11. Changes to mobility
Vitamin B12 deficiency may cause changes to the nervous system, so you will experience some changes while walking and moving. This will affect your balance and coordination, and also you will get prone to falling.
Vitamin B12 Food Sources
You can get the recommended quantities of vitamin B12 from foods such as:
- Animal Organ (beef liver), salmon, trout, and Shellfish (clams) contain vitamin B12.
- Eggs, meat, milk, poultry, and other dairy foods are the best sources of vitamin B12.
- Fortified breakfast cereals and some nutritional yeasts with vitamin B12.
You must consume 2.4gms of Vitamin B12 through your food regularly. If you don’t get enough, you may experience the signs mentioned above, so make sure your diet has enough Vitamin B12.
If these signs cause long-lasting effects, then you are facing Vitamin B12 deficiency for a long time.