You might have noticed that the use of antibiotics has increased so far. The overuse of this important medication has resulted in serious health issues.
Doctors often prescribe antibiotics to combat infectious diseases. Mostly these medications don’t cause severe side effects. However, sometimes life-threatening conditions may occur.
According to a report, in every five medicines-related visits to the emergency room, one is an adverse effect of antibiotics.
The misuse or increased use of antibiotics is the leading cause of side effects that you should never ignore. The physicians, healthcare professionals, and even the general public play their role to avoid their side effects.
Here are the side effects of antibiotics to never ignore:
1. Development of fungal infections
Antibiotics are responsible for killing bacteria. But sometimes, they fight against good bacteria that avoid fungal infections. So, people on antibiotics develop fungal infections. In various body regions such as
If you are taking antibiotics and any fungal infection symptoms appear, you should immediately talk to your doctor. The signs of fungal infections are
- Severe itching and soreness
- Burning sensations during urination
- Pain while swallowing
- Loss of taste
2. Gastrointestinal problems
Many antibiotics are responsible for causing GIT-related issues such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and cramps. If you experience stomach upsets with some antibiotics classes, make sure that you take them with food.
Note: avoid the intake of food with tetracycline. You must take this antibiotic on an empty stomach.
You can deal with mild diarrhea by stop taking the drug. But if the symptoms such as bloody stools, abdominal cramping, or nausea occur, call your doctor right away.
3. Severe aches and pains
In some cases, fluoroquinolones may permanently affect the muscles and joints and cause disabling. If you experience the serious side effects such as
- Pain at the joint, muscle, or tendon
- Numbness or tingling sensations at these sites
Stop the intake of fluoroquinolones immediately.
Another common side effect of antibiotics is a headache. Mostly, when you are on antibiotics, you may think that headache is due to caffeine or sleep deprivation, but it’s certainly due to antibiotic intake.
Usually, these headaches are not associated with excruciating pain, so an over-the-counter pain killer may help.
5. Skin sensitivity to the sun exposure
Certain antibiotics also affect the sensitivity of your skin to UV radiation coming from the sun. While taking antibiotics, exposure to the sunlight may also raise the risk of sunburn, peeling, and severe damage to the skin.
Sometimes only a 15-minute exposure to the sunlight causes a red itchy rash on the skin.
- So people on antibiotics should avoid sun exposure during the 10 a.m. to 2 p.m,
- Wear protective clothing
- Apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen
- Avoid spending time outside the home.
6. Teeth and bone staining
According to an estimate, about 3 to 5 % of people on tetracycline develop teeth staining. In adults, such staining is permanent because their teeth don’t regrow.
The staining doesn’t remain limited to the teeth; it also affects the bones. Bones continuously remodel themselves, so bone staining is somehow reversible. If you are on antibiotics and experience bone and teeth staining, immediately seek help from your doctor.
Most doctors administer the antibiotics via the IV route for immediate effects. Through this route of administration, the infection-causing bacteria start destroying within few hours.
However, the completion of the course of medication is also important to avoid the infection’s return. Stopping the intake of medication before finishing the course may develop resistance and cause various side effects.
Take the thorough directions of your doctors before taking antibiotics!