Signs You Have Prostate Cancer

Signs You Have Prostate Cancer

One of the main things to know about cancer is that it can often be very difficult to spot, especially in the early stages.

Prostate cancer may not show any symptoms at all until it has progressed further and become more severe.

This makes it even more important to be aware of prostate cancer so that you can get diagnosed and treated as early as possible.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. (1)

The American Cancer Society (ACS) estimates prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men. (2)

In fact, according to MedlinePlus, about 1 in 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime. (3)

However, the good news is that if it’s detected early and treated, the survival rate for prostate cancer is 99 percent.

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that typically starts in the prostate gland.

The prostate is a small, walnut-sized gland that produces seminal fluid.

It is located in front of the rectum and under the bladder.

The prostate is a male-only gland that produces part of the fluid in semen.

Prostate cancer can be quite slow-growing, but it can also be aggressive and spread quickly to other parts of the body if not caught early on.

However, it is important to remember that most men who get prostate cancer never die from it. (4, 5)

What are the signs you have prostate cancer?

Generally speaking, In its early stages, prostate cancer may not cause any noticeable symptoms.

This is why it is important to get checked out regularly by your doctor, especially if you are over the age of 50.

That being said, here are some common signs that you may have prostate cancer:

  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Difficulty urinating or difficulty starting urinating
  • A feeling of needing to urinate more frequently, especially at night
  • Pain in the pelvic area, lower back, rectum, or thighs
  • Inability to achieve or maintain an erection for sexual activity
  • Pain or stiffness in the hips, legs, or lower back
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Bone pain

If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to see a doctor so that they can perform a prostate exam to look for any abnormalities in the prostate.

If you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, there are many treatment options available that are often very successful in treating cancer. (6, 7, 8)

How is Prostate cancer diagnosed?

Prostate cancer is typically diagnosed through a combination of a physical exam, a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, and a biopsy.

The PSA test measures the level of PSA in your blood, which is a protein produced by the prostate gland.

A high PSA level can be an indication of prostate cancer, but it can also be caused by other conditions like an enlarged prostate or prostatitis.

A biopsy is the only way to definitively diagnose prostate cancer, and it involves removing a small sample of tissue from the prostate gland to be examined under a microscope.

How is prostate cancer treated?

There are a number of different treatment options for prostate cancer, depending on the severity and stage of the disease.

Some common treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these.

Your doctor will work with you to come up with a treatment plan that is best suited to your specific situation and health needs.

How to prevent prostate cancer

In general, doctors recommend that men get screened for prostate cancer starting at age 50, and continuing on a regular basis throughout their lives.

There are also some lifestyle changes that may help reduce your risk of developing prostate cancer, such as:

  • Eating a healthy diet that is low in saturated fat and rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Exercising regularly
  • Avoiding tobacco use
  • Limiting your alcohol intake

If you have a family history of prostate cancer, you may be at a higher risk of developing the disease.

In these cases, you may consider getting screened at a younger age or opting for more frequent screenings. (9, 10)

When to see a doctor

If you have any of the following signs or symptoms, see your doctor right away:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Blood in semen
  • Frequent pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs

So if you are experiencing any of the symptoms of prostate cancer, be sure to talk to your doctor right away so that you can get diagnosed and start treatment as quickly as possible.

Early detection is key for successful outcomes, so don’t delay in getting help!

Also read: How to Spot the Signs of Skin Cancer Early

Signs You Have Prostate Cancer