There’s no denying that bipolar disorder is serious, severe mental illness if not treated, it can ruin relationships, families, career. It can even lead to suicide. Bipolar disorder can strike people of all ages, male or female, ability skills, and backgrounds.
People who have bipolar disorder are more likely to partake in drugs or alcohol abuse, thinking it will sustain their moods. Unfortunately, this substance making the symptoms of bipolar disorder more critical.
What is a bipolar disorder
First, let’s take a look at the Bipolar disorder definition.
Generally speaking, bipolar disorder is described as a brain disorder that manic depression or manic-depressive sickness, like one minute, you feel excited or energetic. Another minute, you feel so sad, hopeless, and depressed. This drastic changes in mood can make it almost impossible for you to make it through daily activities or routine.
Some of these rigorous high and low impulsive feeling can last for weeks or months effects changes in sleep, concentration, reasoning, and behavior.
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
The infirmity isn’t precisely straightforward because the cause of the bipolar disorder isn’t thoroughly known, but it usually links to a hereditary or chemical imbalance in the brain.
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), If a person previously suffers from anxiety, or separate mental disabilities similar to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), physical or sexual abuse or social anxiety disorder (SAD). They may have a tremendous chance of developing a bipolar disorder.
Because bipolar disorder does worsen without treatment, it’s essential to learn what the symptoms seem like.
Symptoms of bipolar disorder
When it comes to the symptoms of bipolar disorder, they are often comparable to that of depression. The patients tend to experience intense mood swings, reckless behavior, and impulsiveness.
However, as mentioned earlier, one moment, the person may feel pretty happy, so alive, so full of energy, and ready to have fun or perform the activity. The next moment the person is feeling very sad and alone.
In a nutshell, the symptoms of bipolar disorder are episodes that are group into mania (highs) or depression (lows) such as:
Mania (highs) symptoms include
- Feeling agitated or nervous, picking fights here and there
- Making irrational decisions such as quitting your job
- Abusing alcohol and drugs
- Spending a lot of money for no reason
- You start accusing anyone who criticizes your behavior
- Poor judgment
- Lack of self-control such as gambling, have inappropriate coitus
- Have struggle sleeping
- You will be hyperactive (The feeling of you living on top of the world)
- Thinking and talking so fast
As from depression symptoms include:
- Feeling sad or numb
- Sleeplessness and sleeping problems
- Guilt ( feeling that everything that goes wrong is your fault)
- Crying for no reason
- You lose interest in the usual activities that you previously loved
- Feelings of no hope or emptiness
- Have trouble concentrating or making decisions
- Lack of energy
- Changes in eating habits, appetite or weight fluctuations
- Anger, anxiety, and fear
- Having thoughts of death or suicide
- Loss of self-esteem
- Attempting suicide
- Sleeping too much or having trouble to sleep
Both episodes of mania or depression may occur periodically. Also, these symptoms can occur right behind each other. This is termed rapid cycling. These mood swing episodes can change slowly or quickly.
Most bipolar people use alcohol or other substances to make them high because it feels temporarily better. But this can make bipolar symptoms worse and also increase the thoughts of suicide.
Treatments for bipolar disorders
If you want to know how to get these conditions treated, first, you need to know that the symptoms of bipolar disorder can be difficult to recognize unless you have critical mania signs. So you need to talk to your doctor for a proper diagnose.
That’s because an accurate diagnosis gives you the best prospect of receiving adequate treatment.
As for medications? Your doctors will regularly treat bipolar disorder with a blend of drugs and psychotherapy. The aim is to rebuild your emotions and help you stay healthy.
Most often, the primary drugs used are mood stabilizers to stop the mood swings. If the mood stabilizers medications do not help, your doctors may recommend other medications, such as antipsychotics or antidepressants.
Lastly, it’s valuable to learn as much as you can concerning the bipolar disorder, join a support group, and ask your family to support you. All these can help and improve your life and relationship problems.
Seek help right away if you think you have bipolar disorder.