Urinary tract infections are the second most basic type of infection and can be frustrating to deal with, And it can affect people of all ages.
Most patients are women because their urethras are shorter than those of men, facilitating the circulation of bacteria.
Urinary tract infection (UTIs) or urine infection is characterized by pain during urination, burning sensations, fever, and changes in the urine. It can present complications, so it is essential that, if you suspect that you may have a urine infection, go to see your trusted doctor.
What causes urinary tract infections?
Urinary tract infections are mostly caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli), that enter the urethra and then the bladder, which can spread to the kidneys. Also, UTIs can be caused by gonorrhea, chlamydia, or other organisms.
However, you’re more prone to get urinary tract infections if you are holding back urine, having unprotected sexual intercourse or have diabetes, kidney stones, pregnancy, and having a urinary catheter.
What are the Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection?
One of the most common symptoms is a persistent urge to urinate, even if you just finished urinating. Sometimes you feel like you can’t hold it. And with burning pain when you are urinating. Other symptoms include:
- Cloudy or dark urine with a strong odor
- Urine with blood or pus
- Pain in your lower tummy
- A feeling of incomplete bladder emptying
- If the urinary tract infections spread to your kidneys, the symptoms will include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Feeling tired and sick
- Fever above 38.3°C
- Upper back pain or your side below the ribs
- Chills or night sweats
How do you get rid of urinary tract infections fast?
Antibiotics are a specific most effective treatment for urinary tract infections. The symptoms will improve within 3 days of the medicines. You can as well take over-the-counter pain medication if you want.
However make sure you finish all of your antibiotics prescription, even if your symptoms go away. That’s because if you stop your antibiotics treatment early, the urinary tract infections could come back again.
Symptoms can worsen if the infections spread to your kidneys, so it’s essential to speak to your doctor if you have any of the symptoms.
How can UTI be prevented?
- Maintain a balanced diet rich in vitamin A and E to keep the immune system active.
- Drink plenty of water a day to dilute the urine and flush out as much bacteria as possible.
- Strict hygiene in the area of the urethra and surroundings. Avoid getting in contact with the surface of the urinal if you have to use a public toilet.
- Wipe from your front to back when using the toilet and not from back to front, to block bacteria from the anal region to enter into the vagina and urethra.