It is a mineral. A small amount of zinc intake is essential for human health. It is also known as an “essential trace element.” The human body cannot retain excess zinc; it must be routinely eaten as part of the diet. It is responsible for various human body functions and helps activate at least 100 different enzymes to work. It is essential nutrition—pregnant women need extra zinc. Red meat, poultry, oysters, and fish include familiar dietary sources of zinc.
A lack of zinc may render an individual more vulnerable to illness and disease. It is very beneficial for our health, and it contains a lot of benefits. It is used for the treatment of diseases in our body.
1. An immunity booster
For the proper growth and maintenance of the human body, zinc is compulsory. Zinc helps to activate T lymphocytes (T cells). T cell helps the body by attacking the cancerous cell and controlling the immunity system. It also helps wound healing, blood coagulation, thyroid function, and much more. Zinc supplement reduces the infection in your body.
2. Treating diarrhea
For small children, underweight or zinc deficient, taking zinc supplements by mouth decreases the length and severity of diarrhea. In developing countries, severe zinc deficiency in children is typical. During pregnancy and for one month after birth, giving zinc to undernourished women also decreases diarrhea in small babies during the first year of life.
3. Treatment of Acne
Acne is the most common skin problem. There are four types of ance:
In the United States, skin problem is much. People between the age of 12 to 24 experience an acne problem. People with acne problems have lower skin and blood. Alone zinc used as an ointment can’t treat the skin problem, so an antibiotic drug called erythromycin is used for treating acne problems.
4. Eye diseases
As part of their diet, people who eat more zinc appear to have a lower chance of having age-related vision loss. Research taking zinc-containing supplements and antioxidant vitamins can delay vision loss modestly and prevent age-related vision loss from being advanced in high-risk individuals. Most evidence indicates that taking zinc alone does not benefit most individuals with age-related vision loss without antioxidant vitamins. However, zinc supplements may help people with specific genes that make them vulnerable to age-related vision loss.
5. Wound healing
Zinc helps to preserve the integrity of the mucosal membranes and skin. Zinc synthesis and lower serum zinc levels are frequently deficient in patients with chronic wounds or ulcers. It is also practiced for the restriction of diaper rash or other skin irritation in skin creams.
Burn skin is treated by using zinc intravenously (by IV) along with other minerals.
6. Common cold
Taking lozenges medicine containing zinc gluconate or zinc acetate reduces the duration of a cold in adults. Side effects, like bad taste and nausea, can reduce its usefulness.
Depression is a common problem. People who take depression have a low level of zinc. Taking zinc, along with antidepressants, reduces depression.
It is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Zinc supplements help lower blood sugar, raise insulin levels, and decrease cholesterol and other fats (lipids) in the blood. Zinc also helps to reduce body weight.
9. Bad breath
Bad breath can be reduced using a mouth rinse, chewing gum, and candy that contains zinc.
10. Stomach ulcer
Taking zinc acetate by mouth appears to help cure peptic ulcers and to avoid them.
11. Effect on learning and memory
Zinc plays a critical role in controlling how neurons interact with each other, influencing how memories are created and how we learn.
12. Preterm birth
Zinc Supplements used during pregnancy reduce the posed risk of early birth. But it can’t reduce the risk of miscarriage or infant deaths.
13. Hair loss
Hair loss is a severe problem for all age women. Zinc supplement, together with biotin, might be helpful for hair loss.
14. Muscle cramps
In individuals who have zinc deficiency, taking zinc by mouth tends to help treat muscle cramps.
15. Weak bones
It seems that low zinc intake is related to lower bone mass. In women who have passed menopause, taking a zinc supplement in combination with copper, manganese, and calcium might decrease bone loss.
16. Ear infection
For an adult, zinc can be used for ear infections.
Sign and Symptoms of zinc deficiency
In cell formation and immune functions, zinc is used by your body. Zinc has yet to be learned, but we are aware that zinc is an integral part of growth, sexual development, and reproduction.
There are 11 symptoms of zinc deficiency.
- Hair loss
- Loss of appetite
- Loss of taste and smell sense
- Loss of eye vision
- Poor wound healing
- Reduce the immunity system
- White spotting of nails
- Difficulty seeing in the dark
- Persistent infections
Reason of deficiency
Zinc is an essential nutrition of our body. Zinc helps with several different processes in the body.
Its deficiency can affect our body parts like the immune, skeletal, reproductive, gastrointestinal tract, and central nervous systems. It can affect people, especially those who have sickle cell disease and pregnant and lactating women also. The deficiency is caused by:
- A vegetarian diet can cause a deficiency of zinc.
- Supplement of iron can affect the zinc concentration.
- Babies who are exclusively breastfeeding may develop a zinc deficiency.
Food rich in zinc
In a variety of plant and animal foods, zinc is naturally present. You can also use a zinc supplement to reduce the deficiency of zinc. A wide range of food that contains a high amount of zinc. Some of them are
- Beef chunk
- Beef patty
- Breakfast cereal
- Pork chops
- Baked beans