On This Page
What are White Spots on Nails?
White spots on nails, medically termed leukonychia, are common occurrences that usually shouldn’t raise alarms. These spots, appearing as small white marks or streaks, can emerge for various reasons, ranging from minor injuries to nutritional deficiencies.
Common Causes of White Spots on Nails
Minor trauma is one of the most frequent causes of white spots on nails. This can happen if you accidentally hit your nail against a surface, do cuticle cutting, have a rough manicure applying filing, or engage in habits like nail-biting. The interesting aspect here is that these spots often appear weeks after the incident, owing to the slow growth rate of nails.
Allergies can also be the reasons behind these white marks. Nail cosmetics such as polishes, hardeners, or removers sometimes trigger allergic reactions, leading to the appearance of white spots. To ascertain if a particular product is causing this issue, you might consider avoiding it temporarily and observing any changes.
Nutrition plays a crucial role in nail health. Deficiencies in essential nutrients like zinc, calcium, or vitamin E can manifest as white spots on nails. Upon a healthcare professional’s advice, managing these deficiencies through a well-balanced diet or supplements may help resolve these spots.
Fungal infections, more common in toenails, can also affect fingernails, resulting in white spots. These infections are usually treatable with antifungal medications, effectively clearing up the spots.
In some instances, underlying medical conditions such as eczema or psoriasis can lead to changes in nail appearance, including the development of white spots. If you have a known skin condition and notice changes in your nails, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional.
In summary, while white spots on nails are often harmless and temporary, understanding their potential causes is important. Whether it’s a minor injury, an allergic reaction, a nutritional gap, a fungal infection, or a sign of a medical condition, identifying the underlying cause can help in choosing the right course of action. However, seek professional medical advice if you’re concerned about these spots or if they persist.
Further Reading: 9 Proven Ways to Accelerate Your Nail Growth