Eye Pain

Eye pain is a common problem that can be caused by several factors, such as dry eyes, infections, injuries, or underlying health conditions. It can range from a dull ache to a sharp, stabbing sensation and may be accompanied by other symptoms like redness or watering. Relief can often be found through simple home remedies, or you may need to see a healthcare provider for professional treatment.

What Causes Eye Pain?

Eye Pain: Causes and Treatment

Dry Eyes

You know how your skin feels dry and tight if you don’t use lotion? Well, your eyes can feel the same way. When you don’t have enough tears to keep your eyes moist, they can feel scratchy and painful.


If your eyes are red, itchy, and painful, an infection might be the culprit. Common infections like conjunctivitis (pink eye) can cause discomfort.


Just like a scrape on your knee, an injury to the eye can hurt. Something as simple as rubbing your eye too hard or getting something small, like a piece of dust, stuck in it can cause pain.

Contact Lens Problems

If you wear contact lenses, they might be the cause of your eye pain. Maybe they’re not fitted properly, or perhaps they’re dirty. Either way, they can irritate your eyes.


Just like you might sneeze when you’re around a cat if you’re allergic, your eyes can react too. Allergies to things like pollen or pet dander can make your eyes red, itchy, and painful.

Eye Strain

Staring at something for too long, like a book or computer screen, can tire your eyes out. This eye strain can make them feel sore and achy.

Ultraviolet (UV) Light Exposure

Have you ever been out in the sun without sunglasses? The sun’s rays can hurt your eyes. Too much exposure to UV light can cause a condition called photokeratitis, which is like a sunburn for your eyes.

Corneal Abrasions

The cornea is the clear front surface of your eye. If it gets scratched, it can cause a corneal abrasion. It might happen if you poke your eye or if something like sand gets in your eye.


A stye is a little bump that can form on the eyelid. It’s usually caused by an infection in an eyelash follicle. It might look a bit like a pimple, and it can make your eye feel sore.


This is a serious eye condition where the pressure inside the eye increases, causing damage to the optic nerve. If you feel a deep ache in your eye, especially around or behind the eye, it could be a sign of glaucoma.

Optic Neuritis

This is an inflammation of the optic nerve, which connects your eye to your brain. It can cause pain, especially when you move your eyes.

Other Health Conditions

Sometimes, eye pain can be a sign of other problems in your body. For instance, headaches or sinus infections can make your eyes feel sore.

How Can You Relieve Eye Pain?

Home Remedies

If you’ve got a minor eye irritation, there are things you can do at home to feel better. You might try:

  • Using a Warm Compress: Holding a warm, damp cloth over your eye can soothe pain.
  • Staying Away from Screens: If you watch a lot of TV or use the computer, your eyes might be tired. Give them a break, and you might feel better.
  • Using Artificial Tears: If your eyes are dry, over-the-counter eye drops can help.

Professional Treatment

However, if your eye pain doesn’t go away or gets worse, you should see a healthcare provider. They can check your eyes and find the right treatment for you.

According to eye care professionals, treatments might include prescription eye drops, antibiotics for an infection, or even special glasses to reduce strain.

When Should You See a Healthcare Provider?

If your eye pain is accompanied by other symptoms like blurry vision, intense redness, or swelling, you should see a healthcare provider right away. Also, if home remedies aren’t helping and the pain persists for more than a day or two, it’s time to seek professional help.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can staring at screens for too long cause eye pain?

Yes, staring at screens like computers, tablets, or phones for long periods can cause eye strain, leading to discomfort and pain. Taking regular breaks and following the 20-20-20 rule (looking at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds every 20 minutes) can help.

What should I do if I get something in my eye?

If you get something like dust or an eyelash in your eye, you should try to blink or use clean water or saline solution to rinse your eye gently. Avoid rubbing your eye, as this can cause more irritation. If the object doesn’t come out, you should see a healthcare provider.

Can allergies cause eye pain?

Absolutely! Allergies to pollen, pet dander, or other allergens can cause your eyes to become red, itchy, and painful. Over-the-counter antihistamine eye drops or oral medications might provide relief, but it’s wise to consult a healthcare provider for the best treatment.

Is eye pain a sign of something serious?

Eye pain can be a symptom of both minor and serious conditions. While it might just be dry eyes or eye strain, it could also signal something more serious like glaucoma or an infection. If the pain persists or is accompanied by other symptoms, you should see an ophthalmologist.

How can I prevent eye pain caused by dry eyes?

If dry eyes are causing your pain, you can try using a humidifier to keep the air moist, wearing sunglasses to protect your eyes from wind, and using artificial tears or lubricating eye drops. Additionally, staying well-hydrated and taking breaks from screen time can help. If the problem continues, a visit to an ophthalmologist for a specific diagnosis and treatment plan may be needed.

Your eyes are precious, so don’t hesitate to take care of them. Whether it’s a minor irritation or something more serious, knowing the causes and ways to relieve eye pain can help you keep your eyes happy and healthy.

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