Not all foot pain is the same.
Some types of foot pain are normal, some are signs of more serious issues, and some should never go ignored.
If you or someone you love is dealing with foot pain, it’s important to know what kind of foot pain you are facing.
Please ensure that you see your doctor or a podiatrist for an appropriate diagnosis and treatment plan to bring you back on your feet.
This article will discuss six types of foot pain you should never, ever ignore:
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that affects the joints in your feet, causing pain and stiffness.
In most cases, some people with osteoarthritis can hear a “crunching” sound when they move their feet.
You may also feel pain around your ankles and an achy feeling in your feet.
According to Versus Arthritis, you might also feel pain in your feet at night.
Osteoarthritis can be caused by a number of things, such as being overweight, overusing, genetics or age.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, please see your doctor or podiatrist for treatment.
2. Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar fasciitis is a condition that causes pain in the bottom of your feet.
In fact, it is the most common cause of heel pain.
According to Mayo Clinic, you might feel a stabbing pain in your feet or lower legs, and the pain may increase as you stand up after sitting for a while.
Additionally, the pain is usually worse after exercise or standing for long periods of time.
Plantar fasciitis happens when tissue tears around your heel bone causing foot and heel pain.
To treat plantar fasciitis, your doctor may recommend resting your feet, using ice packs, and taking over-the-counter medications.
In some cases, they may also prescribe physical therapy or orthotics.
Bunions are a common foot problem that is caused by an enlargement of the bone at the base of your big toe.
You might experience pain in your big toe, redness and swelling, and difficulty moving your toe.
Bunions can be caused by a number of things, such as wearing tight shoes or high heels, arthritis, and genetics.
According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, bunion pain is relieved by:
- Wearing wide shoes
- Using ibuprofen and naproxen to help ease pain and decrease swelling
- Applying ice to relieve pain and swelling
- Using a bunion pad to relieve irritation
Your doctor may also recommend wearing supportive shoes, wearing an orthotic shoe insert to balance pressure on your foot, using steroid injections near the joint as well as physical therapy.
4. Ingrown Toenails
An ingrown toenail is a condition in which the corner or edge of your toenail grows into the skin on the sides of your toenail or toes.
In some cases, the skin can become infected and swollen.
According to the NHS, your toenail may curve into your toe.
In addition to that, the skin around the ingrown toenail can become red, tender, and swollen.
Ingrown toenails are usually caused by an injury to the nail or bad nail cutting techniques.
To treat an ingrown toenail at home:
- You should soak your feet in warm water for 10 minutes 3 to 4 times a day to soften the nail
- Use over-the-counter medicines, such as ibuprofen to ease the pain
- Apply a topical antibiotic or a steroid cream to prevent infection
- Wear sandals or other open shoes to allow your toe to breathe and allow the area to heal
If you are experiencing any signs of infection or difficulty walking, please see your doctor.
Tendonitis is inflammation of the tendons, which are the cords that attach your muscles to your bones.
In fact, the pain can make walking and stand very difficult.
In some cases, you might also notice swelling and reddish-colored skin around the inflamed area.
Tendonitis can be caused by repeated injuries, overuse of the feet or legs, and not properly warming up before exercising or playing sports.
To treat tendonitis, your doctor might prescribe:
- Rest for 2 to 3 days
- Applying Ice packs for 15 to 20 minutes every few hours
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen
If the tendonitis does not improve after a few weeks of treatment, your doctor might suggest surgery.
6. Corns and Calluses
Corns and calluses are thick, hardened patches of skin that are usually caused by friction or pressure.
Basically, corns are typically found on the toes, while calluses are found on the soles of your feet.
However, they can be painful and make walking difficult.
To treat corns and calluses, the American Academy of Dermatology Association recommended:
- Soaking the area in warm water for 10 several times a day
- Applying lotion or cream with salicylic acid to soften the skin
- Use padding to relieve pressure on the area
- Wearing shoes that fit properly
If your corns or calluses do not improve with home treatments, make an appointment with your doctor.