What Is Pelvic Floor Dysfunction And How Can You Treat It?

What is Pelvic Floor Dysfunction?

Pelvic Floor Dysfunction (PFD) is a condition involving the muscles in the pelvic floor. These muscles support your pelvic organs, like the bladder and rectum. In PFD, these muscles don’t work as they should.

What Causes Pelvic Floor Dysfunction?

You might develop PFD due to:

Who is at Risk for Pelvic Floor Dysfunction?

Some people are more likely to get PFD:

  • Women, especially after childbirth
  • Older adults
  • People who frequently lift heavy objects
  • Those with a history of surgery in the pelvic area

Symptoms of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

The symptoms vary but often include:

  • Difficulty with bowel movements
  • Constipation or straining during bowel movements
  • A feeling of fullness in the pelvic area
  • Frequent urination or pain during urination
  • Pain in the lower back or pelvic region
  • Pain during intercourse

How is Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Diagnosed?

To diagnose PFD, your healthcare provider might:

  1. Ask about your symptoms and medical history.
  2. Perform a physical examination.
  3. Suggest tests like an ultrasound or MRI to check the pelvic floor muscles.

Treating Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

Treating pelvic floor dysfunction usually involves a mix of methods. Your doctor will guide you through these based on your specific symptoms and needs.

Physical Therapy

Pelvic Floor Exercises

One of the main treatments is pelvic floor physical therapy. A physical therapist specializing in pelvic health can teach you exercises to strengthen or relax your pelvic floor muscles. These exercises, often called Kegels, are not just for women; they can be beneficial for men too.


Additionally, biofeedback is a technique where you learn to control your pelvic muscles with the help of special sensors. These sensors show you how your muscles are working, making it easier for you to understand how to control them.

Lifestyle Changes

Diet and Fluid Intake

Adjusting your diet can also help. If constipation is a problem, eating more fiber and drinking plenty of water can make a big difference. Sometimes, avoiding caffeine or spicy foods can reduce irritation in the bladder and intestines.

Regular Exercise

Regular, gentle exercise like walking or swimming can improve your overall muscle tone, including in your pelvic area.

Managing Weight

Excess weight can put extra pressure on your pelvic floor muscles. Working towards a healthy weight may relieve some symptoms.

Avoiding Heavy Lifting

Heavy lifting can strain your pelvic floor. Try to avoid it or learn proper techniques to reduce the risk of damage.


In some cases, medications might help, especially if you have pain. Your doctor might prescribe muscle relaxants or pain relievers. For some, medications that help with bladder control are necessary.


Surgery is usually the last resort and is only considered if other treatments haven’t worked. The type of surgery depends on the underlying cause of your pelvic floor dysfunction.

Complementary Therapies

In addition to medical treatments, some people find relief with complementary therapies. These might include:


This traditional Chinese medicine technique can help manage pain and promote muscle relaxation.

Yoga and Pilates

These exercises can improve your core strength and pelvic floor muscle control.

Managing Stress

Stress can worsen symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction. Techniques like mindfulness, meditation, or yoga can help manage stress levels.

Prevention of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

While you can’t prevent every case, these steps might help:

  • Practice pelvic floor exercises, like Kegels.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements.
  • Stay active to strengthen the muscles around your pelvis.


Pelvic Floor Dysfunction can be a challenging condition, but there are many ways to manage and treat it. If you’re experiencing symptoms, it’s important to talk to a healthcare provider. With the right approach, you can improve your pelvic floor health and reduce discomfort.

Similar Posts