Hemorrhoids And What To Do About Them

Hemorrhoids And What To Do About Them

What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids, also generally known as piles, are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum. They can develop either internally (inside the rectum) or externally (under the skin around the anus).

They are similar to varicose veins.

Causes of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids typically develop due to increased pressure on the veins located in the pelvic and rectal regions. This pressure may stem from factors such as:

  1. Straining during bowel movements
  2. Chronic constipation or diarrhea
  3. Obesity
  4. Pregnancy
  5. Aging
  6. Anal intercourse

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

When you experience hemorrhoids, you may notice symptoms such as itching, pain, and swelling around your anus. Additionally, you might see bright red blood on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl after bowel movements.

Diagnosing Hemorrhoids

A doctor can diagnose hemorrhoids with a physical examination. They may perform an anoscopy or sigmoidoscopy to get a better look at the affected area.

If you suspect you have hemorrhoids, it’s essential to seek professional help for a proper diagnosis.

Hemorrhoid Treatment and Remedy

There are various options to treat hemorrhoids, ranging from over-the-counter medications to surgical procedures. I’ll outline some of the most effective treatment methods.

Creams and Medications

You can use over-the-counter creams and ointments to relieve pain, itching, and swelling. Additionally, you may take oral pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen to manage discomfort.

Always follow the directions on the medication, and consult your doctor if symptoms persist.

Managing Your Diet

A fiber-rich diet helps soften your stool, making it easier to pass. Incorporate foods such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables into your meals.

Drinking plenty of water also aids in digestion and prevents constipation.

Medical Procedures

If your hemorrhoids are so severe, your doctor may specifically recommend medical procedures like rubber band ligation or sclerotherapy. In some cases, surgical intervention, such as a hemorrhoidectomy or stapled hemorrhoidopexy, might be necessary.


To prevent hemorrhoids, you can adopt healthy habits and follow these practical tips:

Avoid Straining

When you’re experiencing a bowel movement, don’t strain or hold your breath. This action increases pressure on the veins, leading to hemorrhoids.

Be Active

Regular exercise promotes healthy bowel function and reduces the chance of developing hemorrhoids. Do at least 30 minutes of physical activity daily.

Don’t Sit for Too Long

Prolonged sitting puts pressure on the veins in your rectum. Take breaks to stand up and walk around during the day.

Use Moistened Wipes

Instead of using dry toilet paper, opt for moistened wipes to clean the anal area gently. This practice reduces irritation and discomfort.


Hemorrhoids can be indeed painful and uncomfortable, but they don’t have to interfere with your everyday life. With proper diagnosis and treatment, you can find relief from the symptoms.

Additionally, by following a healthy lifestyle, you can prevent future flare-ups. If you experience persistent symptoms or severe pain, speak to your doctor right away.

Further Reading: 13 Natural Remedies For Hemorrhoids

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