Itchy and flaky scalp? Chances are, you’ve got dandruff. Thankfully, there are a few simple steps you can take to relieve your symptoms and prevent further outbreaks.
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How to treat dandruff yourself
Start by washing your hair regularly with anti-dandruff shampoo.
Look for shampoos that contain zinc pyrithione, ketoconazole, salicylic acid, and selenium sulfide, four of the most common active ingredients used to fight dandruff. Leave the shampoo on your scalp for at least five minutes before rinsing thoroughly with warm water.
In addition to using an anti-dandruff shampoo, you should also make sure your scalp is healthy by following a balanced diet and staying hydrated.
Avoid eating processed or overly greasy foods, as these can cause irritation on the scalp. Eating foods high in essential fatty acids like fish and nuts can help keep the skin on your scalp healthy and soft.
Lastly, avoid scratching or rubbing your scalp, as this will only worsen the itching and flaking of dandruff. Instead, massage your head gently with essential oils or cream to relieve some of the discomfort associated with dandruff.
To make sure that oil doesn’t damage your hair’s natural oils, use a small amount every other day until you are comfortable doing it more often.
If you’re still having trouble after following these steps, contact a dermatologist who can recommend a stronger treatment option tailored specifically to you.
With just a few lifestyle changes and simple home remedies, anyone can take control of their dandruff symptoms – no medical prescription is required!
Home remedies to get rid of dandruff
If you want to try a more natural approach to treating dandruff, there are a few home remedies you can try.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is an effective remedy to combat Dandruff. It helps balance the pH level of your scalp, reducing bacterial and fungal growth. Simply mix one part apple cider vinegar with one part water, then use a cotton ball or spray bottle to apply the mixture to your scalp. Leave on for 15 minutes before rinsing off with lukewarm water.
Aspirin contains salicylic acid, which is known to be an effective treatment against dandruff.
To use, simply dissolve two aspirin tablets in warm water and apply them directly onto the scalp. Let it sit for 15 minutes before washing it off with water and shampooing it as normal.
Baking soda has natural antifungal properties that help fight dandruff-causing fungus.
Simply make a paste of baking soda and water, massage it into your scalp, and let it sit for two minutes before rinsing it off with cool water.
Tea Tree Oil
This powerful oil is packed with antibacterial and antifungal properties that help treat dandruff. While also soothing the scalp’s itchiness.
Use only a few drops each time and mix with a carrier oil like coconut or olive oil before applying directly to your scalp. Let sit for 10 to 20 minutes before rinsing out.
Coconut oil is known for its antimicrobial, antibacterial, and antifungal benefits, which makes it an ideal treatment for stubborn dandruff.
For best results, warm up two tablespoons of coconut oil until liquified but not hot, then massage into your scalp and let sit overnight before washing off in the morning with shampoo.
Aloe Vera Gel
The gel from an aloe vera plant contains enzymes that reduce inflammation on the skin caused by bacteria or fungi. It is both antibacterial and antifungal.
To use aloe vera as a dandruff remedy, take a small amount of fresh aloe vera gel and rub it into your scalp, letting it sit for 30 minutes before washing it away with warm water, followed by shampoo wash as normal.
The acidic properties found in lemons work to reduce unwanted fungal growth while helping to remove dandruff flakes.
Mix equal parts lemon juice and water in a spray bottle, then spritz onto your scalp directly after bathing when your hair is still damp (this will help the lemon juice penetrate better!). Rinse out after 15 minutes using cold or lukewarm water.
Yogurt contains both probiotics and proteins, which act as natural moisturizers that provide nourishment to both dry scalps as well as dry hair.
Apply yogurt directly on wet hair — preferably plain yogurt without added sugars or flavors — leave on for 30 minutes, then rinse away thoroughly with water. Then wash again as normal using shampoo.
Frequently Asked Questions
For the best results, you should wash your hair with an anti-dandruff shampoo at least twice a week. Make sure to leave the shampoo on for at least five minutes before rinsing thoroughly with warm water.
Dandruff is caused by a combination of factors, including dry skin, oily skin, increased sensitivity to certain hair products, and irregular shampooing. It can also be caused by yeast-like fungi that live on the scalp called Malassezia.
The most common symptom of dandruff is an itchy and flaky scalp. If you notice white flakes in your hair or on your shoulders, this could be a sign that you’re suffering from dandruff.
There is no cure for dandruff, but there are treatments available to relieve the symptoms and prevent further outbreaks.
These include using over-the-counter anti-dandruff shampoo and conditioner, eating a balanced diet and drinking plenty of water, avoiding scratching or rubbing your scalp, and massaging your head with oil or cream to relieve discomfort.
No – contrary to popular belief, dandruff is not contagious and cannot be passed from person to person through physical contact or sharing items like hats or brushes.
Further Reading: 5 Ways to Prevent Dandruff